Reviewed by William Howard Taft,
of United States; John K. Tener, Governor of
Pennsylvania; Boies Penrose, U. S. Senator;
and Other Distinguished Officials.
From Altoona Mirror September 24, 1912.
THE military and school parade, the most magnificent pagean that ever passed over the streets of Altoona, crowned a day that, as President's and Governor's Day of the semi-centennial anniversary of the Loyal War Governors' conference, will live in history as the greatest holiday ever observed by the Mountain City.
Reviewed by William Howard Taft, president of the United States, Governor John K. Tener, United States Senator Boies Penrose and a boat of distinguished officials in military and civil life, representing the city, county, state and nation, and witnessed by throngs of people from the city and vicinity that probably numbered close to 100,000 people, the biggest pageant of the three days' celebration proved an unqualified success in every particular not even the people of the city itself having had the slighest idea before hand of the wonderful scope of the demonstration that took place this morning.
While it was not known until early this morning, on account of the rains that have prevailed since the jubilee opened, whether or not it might be necessary to postpone the school parade until Friday, the rain fortunately held off, it not having rained after 3:30 this morning, and, about 6:30 Chief Marshal A. S. Stayer and those in charge of the parade determined to hold the program as originally mapped out; and, so well prepared were the participants that, on a moment's notice, practically all turned out and the full parade was held with results that far surpassed even the fondest hopes of the committees that have been working on its preparation for the past several weeks.
Never before has so great a crowd of people been seen in the city as that which witnessed the parade this morning. Coming from every farm, village, town and city within a hundred miles of Altoona, the visitors began to arrive at daybreak and from that on every train, street car, farm wagon and every other vehicle that could be placed in service brought its quota of guests to the city, until long before the time for the parade to start every vantage point along the route was occupied, while the crowd on Eleventh avenue was so dense that absolutely all traffic through the business district had to be stopped until the parade was over at noon.
The greatest crowd, of course, was along Eleventh avenue, between Eleventh and Thirteenth streets, and about the president's reviewing stand in the Logan house, yard, the sidewalks being packed until not another person could crowd upon them, every window in every business house along the avenue being filled and hundreds thronging the roofs of the buildings stretching clear from Eleventh to Bridge streets. All along the route of parade, from the starting place at Sixth avenue and Fifth street, around the East Side and down past the Cricket field, thousands flocked, filling every inch of space, where a view could be gotten and, in spite of the fact that it was the biggest crowd Altoona ever handled, all passed off with wonderful regularity and ease, there being no trouble with the crowds at any point and the police maintaining perfect order throughout.
All the streets over which the parade passed were roped off and the people on the sidewalks were uniformly eager to help the police by keeping strictly inside the ropes, Chief Tillard and his men having but little trouble in keeping them back, even where the press was greatest, at the official reviewing stand.
Promptly at the hour designated, 9.30, the head of the parade column moved from Sixth avenue and Fifth street and, word having been received that President Taft and his party had arrived at the reviewing stand at Eleventh avenue and Twelfth street, there was but little Delay at Fifteenth street, where they had been ordered to halt until the president was ready to view them.
With this prompt start, it was just 10 o'clock when the head of the parade reached the reviewing stand. The pageant opened with a provisional Escort composed of twenty-four automobiles filled with veterans of the Civil war, local and visiting members of the Grand Army of the Republic and the Union Veteran Legion and, all along the route the veterans received a tremendous ovation from the people, President Taft standing with uncovered head as they passed and the state flag at the reviewing stand being dipped in their honor.
A platoon of cavalry, from the Sheridan troop of Tyrone, acting as mounted police, followed the veterans and formed an escort to the United States Marine band of Washington, the most famous band in the country, which was brought here especially for the occasion and which likewise received a great ovation from the crowd, it being the great band's first appearance in this city. Throughout the route of parade this band played almost continuously and made an impression on the people that will not soon be forgotten in Altoona.
Owing to the rapidity with which the automobiles passed, there was a gap of fifteen minutes between the provisional escort and the main body of the Military division, which was led by the chief marshal of the parade, Colonel A. S. Stayer and aides on horseback, they being followed by Edwin M. Amies, marshal of the military division, and aides, also on horseback.
Immediately following Marshal Amies, the veterans of the Civil war, who preferred to march, were given the place of honor at the head of the division and there were some 150 of them, aged soldiers who, having marched ever since the great struggle of fifty years ago, are still able to take part in patriotic demonstrations and, with representatives of the local G. A. R. posts and Union Veteran Legion, as well as some visiting veterans, t hey marched in excellent style, bringing forth a storm of applause from the people at every corner.
The veterans were followed by the Thirteenth Coast Artillery band and a detachment of the coast artillery corps from Fort Dupont, Del., there being 115 men in all, in band and corps, and the splendid marching and drilling of the regulars was a revelation to the people of Altoona. It has been many years since U. S. regulars paraded the streets of the city and they, too, got a great reception from the spectators.
Following the regulars the Friendship drum corps led a batallion of the National Guard of Pennsylvania, composed, in succession, of Company L. Eighth regiment, Bedford; Company M, Twelfth regiment, Lewistown; Company E, Twelfth regiment, Bellefonte, and Company F, Eighth regiment, Huntingdon. Each of the companies had between 50 and 56, officers and men, and they presented a splendid appearance, marching in perfect order and drilling at places along the route for the benefit of the spectators.
From the start of the route to the finish there was almost a continuous ovation for the next body in line, the old Fifth regiment drum corps, which saw service in the Spanish American war and which was reorganized especially for this occasion, and the Veterans of Foreign Service, including Philippine, China and Spanish-American war veterans, who turned out with a company of nearly 200 men.
Following them, the Stevens post, G. A. R., of Huntingdon, turned out some 65 marchers, the aged veterans receiving applause the same as had greeted their local comrades who went before.
Never before has so large a body of men, representing strictly military organizations, including the veterans of all wars and those now actually in either the state or national service, appeared at a public celebration here and the spectators were more than pleased with the showing made, judging from the storm of applause that greeted the soldiers everywhere they marched.
However, even the soldiers, magnificent as they were, could scarcely vie in interest with the school division of the parade, which followed. For months the schools of the city have been preparing for the big pageant that was to do honor to the chief executive of the land and the memory of those loyal governors who upheld another and martyred chief executive during the darkest days of the nation's history, and today the pupils outdid themselves in the magnificence of their exhibition.
With fully 10,000 pupils in the line of march, the marchers clad in many varied and attractive uniforms, and scores of beautifully decorated floats representing many scenes famous in the country's history, the school parade was undoubtedly the finest spectacle ever witnessed in the city and at times the crowd at different points, not satisfied with applause, broke into tremendous shouts of approval as some particularly unique or beautiful exhibit passed.
There was not one school in the entire line, which took an hour and a half to pass the reviewing stand, either public or parochial, whether from the city or Juniata, that did not have some particularly original and unique display and the children as a whole acquitted themselves splendidly, their marching being of the highest order and their discipline and order perfect.
While it would be almost impossible to say what school attracted the most attention, each having something that took the crowd, there was, of course, nothing in the whole parade that could equal the wonderful showing of the Altoona High school, with their new band composed of the boys of the school, the faculty's fine appearance in cap and gown, the excellent marching and drilling of the escort of boys and the beauty of the whole line.
However, at every point in the line and especially at the president's stand, the climax of the entire parade came with the human flag formed by 221 of the girls of the High and Grammar schools. When this passed down Eleventh avenue the crowd went wild and practically every head in the whole great mass of spectators was uncovered in honor of the colors and the splendid drilling and marching of the girls who formed it.
Our own Altoona band, Prof. Jule A Neff, conductor, marched proudly at the head of the school division of the parade.
Prof. Henry H. Baish, city superintendent, was marshal. He was followed by his aides.
Webster school, at Lexington avenue and Tenth street, was the first in line. Principal W. C. Ream was marshal. This school represented the first settlers of America---the Indians. With the exception of the principal every one in the parade wore an Indian costume.
A magnificent specimen of a full-blooded Indian, Mr. Sinook, who is a resident of Altoona, led the school. His habit was a regulation Indian costume, hired specially for the occasion---he would have no other. He made a striking appearance, with his pony.
At his side were Chiefs of the Red Men, which order turned out some thirty-five members, in full costume, to assist the school children. The stars and stripes and the school banner were carried well toward the head of the line.
The children were divided into tribes, of which there were ten. The squaws of each tribe marched single file behind the warriors bold, and on their backs they carried papooses made of doll babies. Each tribe was led by a chief. The warriors walked abreast, and at either end of the line a member of the Red Men marched. The Red Men also guarded the floats, several walking on each side.
The floats of the Webster school were attractive and drew expressions of praise, all along the line. One represented two scenes---an Indian village with Minnehaha in the foreground; and Hiawatha, studying the topography from a ledge. Elizabeth McLaughlin, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. McLaughlin, was Minnehaha. Catherine Sutton, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Sutton, of Ninth street near Sixteenth avenue, was Hiawatha. Realistic touches were given this float by converting it into a veritable forest. Indians lounged about the village. In the trees animals were to be seen.
The other float, pyramided with seats, carried the younger children of the school, those under 10 years of age. Both floats were artistically decorated, and the national colors played a prominent part, to be sure. Indian blankets covered the horses.
All the teachers of the school participated in the parade. Each was garbed as a squaw. All told 157 children marched, while 63 were carried on the floats. Of the enrollment of the school 62 per cent. were in line.
Following the Mount Union band came the pupils of the Emerson building, in the Fourth ward, 400 marchers being in line. They were marshaled by Principal J. J. Hamilton, who was ably assisted by a number of aides. The flag of the second was carried by Frederick Seidell, one of the pupils. The students represented the states of Delaware, New Jersey, Rhode Island and Georgia.
Each state was represented by a company of fifty pupils, thus making four companies, two comprised of boys and two of girls. All wore plain blue sashes with the name of the state represented. Two elaborately decorated floats were drawn in the rear of the procession. These contained the smaller pupils of the school.
The big flag at the head of the procession is one that saw service in the civil war. It is owned by Principal Hamilton, and was carried by four girls attired in white. The flag was carried through the war and was on the field at Fredericksburg, on December 13, 1862, at which time four native sons were wounded in bearing it. It contains but thirty stars.
Following came the Emerson acrostic, carried by 150 of the pupils. The letters formed a line of march a square in length, Later came Principal Hamilton in charge of Company A, of fifty boys; representing one of the states. The state seal, painted on a huge banner was carried by one of the pupils, while four of the youngsters assisted in carrying the streamers from the staff. Three other companies followed, each of the state delegations being preceded by a banner bearing the seal of the state.
The pupils were all attired in white blouses, with blue serge caps and dark trousers, the girls wearing white dresses. All carried red and white plumes, and wore a plain blue sash bearing the name of the state represented. The girls also wore pointed gold crowns, with an old English letter "E" inscribed.
Led by Principal H. H. Beacham, the Washington school showed up well with fully 200 boys and girls marching. In advance was carried the U. S. flag and the school banner, a big white banner with gold letters bearing the name, "Washington," the banner being carried by one of the boys, who was supported by four aides, carrying the streamers of the banner.
The first division, which represented the state of Massachusetts, was composed of fifty boys, dressed in dark blue trousers, blue caps and white waists; fifty girls composed the second division, representing New Hampshire and being dressed in white, with sashes bearing the name of the state; the third division, fifty boys, represented South Carolina, they being dressed the same as the first division, save that they wore purple sashes with the state's name in gold letters upon them; the fourth division. fifty girls, represented Maine, they all wearing red sashes and golden crowns, the whole presenting a very pretty appearance, though the girls and boys being separated.
The first of the school's floats, carrying the small children, gave an excellent representation of that well known legend of history, the cutting down of the cherry tree by George Washington, George being there with his little hatchet, his actions calling forth much applause from the spectators.
The second float carried the pupils of the first two grades, who were too small to walk and they had a very pretty float, trimmed with bunting and flags. The float bore also a large canvas sign, with the name of the school upon it.
The Jefferson school, at Fourth avenue and Second street, is one of the largest of the ward schools, and the showing was in keeping with the size.
It was led by the Osterburg band.
In addition to having 190 pupils afoot, this division contained six floats, four of which represented some important event in the nation's history.
The schools were headed by the venerable Professor W. W. Osborne, who this year is teaching his sixtieth term of school in the state of Pennsylvania. Fifty of these terms have been in Altoona, and he has had three generations in his charge.
The first float represented the state of Virginia. Here one of the most interesting episodes in the history of the new land was enacted and the incident was ably brought out by the children on the float. The episode is no other than the rescue of the brave and fortunate Captain John Smith, who, just as he was to have his head crushed by trusty warriors in whose hands he fell, was saved by the dusky, but no less lovely, Pocahontas, daughter of the old Indian Chief Powhatan. These characters and others of subsequent periods were ably portrayed.
The second float represented New York and some of the early characters of this colony were represented. The body of the float represented the "Half Moon," the good old ship on which Henry Hudson, the Dutch explorer, sailed up the river which now bears his name. Peter Stuyvesant, the most prominent of the old Dutch governors, hopping about on a wooden leg, was seen. A typical Dutch maiden was likewise on this float.
North Carolina is represented on the third float. Sir Walter Raleigh, who found tobacco and the potato in the new world, and who introduced both in England, is here portrayed. A field of rice gives employment to many pickaninnies. A forest of pine trees, another source of revenue in this state, is also to be seen.
Roger Williams is the central figure in the float representing Rhode Island. This well-known apostle of religious freedom, and whose teachings resulted in his banishment from the Massachusetts colony, is seen talking with the Indian friends who took him in during the cold of winter, and thus ended his exile. Anne Hutchison, another original thinker, who was likewise banished from the old Plymouth colony, and who fled to the new haven of liberty established in the country which is now Rhode Island, is also represented by one of the girls. The fifth and sixth floats were loaded with children who were too small to march.
The Adams school, Sixth avenue and Twenty-fourth street, with Professor L. C. Smith, principal, made one of the best showings in the long pageant. Teachers, pupils and patrons worked untiringly to make the demonstration a success, and their efforts bore results.
Professor Smith led the division. A large United States flag was carried at the head, while three girls, riding ponies, bore the banner of the school. The banner had a white field, with lettering in gold.
Fifty girls wearing blue hair ribbons and carrying blue plumes, typical of the "Blue Grass State," represented Kentucky. Back of them marched fifty more girls, representing Tennessee. Each carried a flag. These girls, as well as the ones in the company ahead wore sashes, with letters in gold bearing the name of the state.
The state of Vermont was represented by one hundred boys, who were attired in Green Mountain uniforms, consisting of a green tie and cap, and each carried a green pennant.
Following the marchers were two wagons, representing the state of Ohio. Between 150 and 200 small children rode on these wagons. The American flag was prominent in the decorations and the word "Ohio" wag given in large letters.
Another float represented the War Governors' Conference. In the midst of the float was a table, around which sat a number of governors in conference. At each corner of the float was a pedestal in the shape of a huge goblet, in which sat a girl holding a parasol. Each girl likewise held a white ribbon, and the four ribbons centered to a point above the war governors' table, where two doves were found. The doves held the ends of the ribbons in their mouths.
The four girls represented the four corners of the United States, north, east, south and west, and the doves, emblematic of peace, showed that now there is peace in all parts of the country.
A fourth float showed what is being done in the Adams school. Black mercerized muslin, arranged to represent blackboards, surrounded the float. On the boards, in crayons, were found specimens of the work done by pupils and teachers. There were drawings of various kinds and work in various branches. The exhibit was most interesting. The teachers of the school rode in this float.
Principal Harry C. Smith of the Seventh ward school, marshaled the pupils of the Irving building and 250 of the pupils were in line. The pupils represented Louisiana and Indiana. Three floats were in the line of march.
First in line came the color bearers, two of the pupils carrying huge flags while another in the center carried the school banner. Four companies of marchers were formed, Company A containing boys, wearing Cardinal caps, tie and sash representing the state of Louisiana. Two markers with drums formed at the head of the division. The teachers paraded in the rear of the principal.
Company B contained forty-eight girls who were attired in white dresses, and one large hair ribbon, with a royal purple sash bearing the name of the state they represented. Each wore an orange and purple band on their sleeve. Company C contained the fifty-six boys who formed the division representing Indiana. They were headed by drummers. Company D was composed of forty-three girls marching with markers and drummers. They represented Illinois.
The first float in line represented Illinois, and the products of the soil were displayed. The second float represented Indiana, where a farm scene was portrayed. The third was trimmed in orange and white and represented Louisiana, with a cotton picking scene by darkies. The pupils were in charge of two of the patrons of the school, Mrs. Shellenbergr and Miss Amelia Irwin.
The teachers were attired in white and the ladies carried white parasols. The aides were dressed in black suits and white caps. The pupils gave several exhibitions in drilling, a bugle being used to denote the style of the drill.
Maine, Alabama and Missouri were the states portrayed by the pupils of the Madison school in the Eighth ward. Over 200 marchers were in line, and they were marshaled by Principal J. B. Bowles, assisted by Assistant Principal H. A. Heverly. One of the pupils marched at the head of the procession with Old Glory unfurled to the breeze and following in order came the standard of the school painted in blue and gold.
Three floats were in the line. The first the state of Alabama, famous for its cotton fields and plantations. The wagon was fitted out portraying a cotton field, and the genuine cotton plants were placed on the floats. The plants were shipped here through the efforts of the ward citizens from James H. Turner of Carrolton, Ga. The pupils were blackened and attired as colored people picking the cotton.
Maine was represented on the float by a large number of stately pine trees, with the pupils roaming through the pine forest. Missouri was represented on the third float, and it is a four-mule team drawing a load of corn with the pupils attired as farmers and farm hands. The horses and mules drawing the teams were blanketed with banners bearing the names of the states. The pupils all wore sashes, and were attired in white. The girls wore three point gold crowns.
A banner bearing the date of the conference of the loyal war governors, and the present date, was carried at the head of the procession.
One of the prettiest pictures of the parade was that presented by the Miller school, located at Margaret and Union avenues with 315 pupils and three beautiful floats in the line of parade.
Following a band, Principal M. A. Dively led the school followed by 200 well drilled boys and girls marching, while 115 of the smaller children rode in floats. Preceding Principal Dively and the marchers one of the boys, riding horseback, carried an elaborate banner of purple and white, bearing the name of the school, while two smaller boys, marching, carried the streamers of the banner.
The marching pupils, 50 in each division, represented four states, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida and Texas, each division being headed by a boy carrying a white banner, with the name of the state upon it.
In the Arkansas division the boys wore dark trousers and white shirts and the girls wore white dresses, all wearing red sashes the boys having red neckties, the girls red bows in their hair and all carrying Japanese parasols.
Representing Michigan, the boys wore dark trousers and white shirts, the girls white dresses, all wore blue sashes, ribbons and neckties, while the boys carried blue paper plumes and the girls wore blue paper caps with streamers and rosettes.
The Florida section, dressed similarly, wore pink sashes, the boys wearing white ties and the girls pink ribbons in their hair, and all carried large hoops trimmed with flowers. This division created a favorable impression when they halted for a moment in front of the president's stand and gave an unique drill with the flower decked hoops.
The last division, Texas, with pupils dressed like the others, save that they wore yellow sashes, yellow neckties and hair ribbons, was distinguished by the pupils having a golden colored crown on their heads, with a star in the centre, representing the "Lone Star" state.
Last came the floats carrying the younger pupils, 115 in number. The first float, that of the Third grade, was >an unusually beautiful one, it being drawn by two magnificent, coal black horses, decorated with purple and gold plumes, while the entire float was a mass of purple and gold. It was a large float, built up from the centre, with the seats facing either side, while, from posts built up on the corners a canopy of flowers, morning glories and yellow crysanthemums covered the whole, while the body of the float was covered with purple and gold bunting.
The pupils were all seated, the girls wearing white dresses and hair ribbons while the boys wore dark trousers, white shirts and black bow ties, each pupil, alternately, carrying a purple or gold plume.
The Second grade pupils rode in a float somewhat similar, though the seats were built up from the two ends and the entire float was trimmed in red, white and blue bunting, the children all carrying small flags.
The First grade pupils, the tiniest tots in the school, rode in a float trimmed all in white, were all dressed in pure white from head to foot and carried white plumes. The seats in this float were built up in the centre from all four corners and the whole presented a splendid appearance.
The pupils of the Fairview school worked out a neat scheme, the 150 pupils who marched behind Principal C. W. Corbin carrying a rope of flowers and the effect being a very pretty one. The school's banner of white preceded the whole and was carried by several of the larger boys.
Following the marchers came the first float, representing California, which was decked out in morning glories and jack roses, the scheme of decoration being a very pretty one and the float carrying thirty-six girls. The second float, Wisconsin, had fifty small boys, dressed in blue caps, white shirts and black trousers and wearing red neckties. This float was very elaborately decorated with draped bunting and flags.
The third float, Iowa, carried both boys and girls, being drawn by four horses and having fifty children riding in it; while the last float, "The Golden Gate," contained all the smaller children.
That part of the history of the United States which had to do with the opening of the great northwest was represented in the float which composed a part of the demonstration made by the Millville schools, H. K. Smith, principal. The float represented the states of Oregon and Minnesota. The bed of the float was a huge boat and Lewis and Clark the pioneer fur traders, were to be seen. This expedition had much to do with the opening of the northwest territory.
The girls of the school were dressed in white with broad sashes with the names of the state on them. Their heads were without covering. The boys were attired in light shirts, dark trousers and caps.
Indians were scattered about on the float. Sheafs of golden grain, with fruit and other products of that fertile region, represented the modern northwest. Kegs of salmon taken from the Columbia river were typical of a source of export.
There were 124 children on foot and the demonstration was a most excellent one.
The Lilly cornet band headed this division and the children kept good time to the patriotic airs.
Benjamin Franklin setting type and operating a printing press and publishing the first magazine in the country, was designed on a float in the parade of the Sixth ward school pupils. The marchers were marshaled by Principal D. L. Hoffman. The boys were attired in white caps and blouses and dark trousers. Each division was drilled to perfection, and the girls all wore different costumes.
First in line came the banner bearer with the name of the school in addition to a color bearer with an American flag. Following came forty girls of the school gaily attired and carrying sun flower parasols representing the state of Kansas. The state of Virginia was represented by forty-four girls, each wearing artisitc and patriotic headgear.
The state of Nevada was represented by eighty-five of the male students of the school. All were attired as miners, with the miners' lamp caps. Each carried a minature pick across his shoulder. All the students wore sashes bearing the name of the state they represented.
The first float in line represented an old fashioned country school room, the younger students of the school taking the part of the characters. The float was neatly decorated.
The divisions of the marchers were sub-marshaled by the teachers of the school.
With 444 marchers in line, the Wright school in the Third ward, followed, the pupils representing the states of North and South Dakota and Colorado. The students were marshaled by Principal Ira S. Walcott. First in line was Festus Hollinger, the janitor, who, acted as color bearer, carrying a huge America flag.
Next came the school banner bearing the name of the school and the district. The banner was red, painted in gold, and was carried by one of the students. Following this was the general float, fitted out as a pararie schooner, of the style used by the early settlers in the western states. The wagon was symbolic of the first methods of travel in the days of the pioneers.
After the general float came sixteen of the male students attired as Indians, as the first settlers. Later came the cowboys, sixteen in number, the second owners of the land, thirdly the miners; sixteen in number, and lastly sixteen pupils attired as farmers, the present owners of the land.
Four platoons of pupils followed the general float and four wagons, each representing one of the states, was filled with the smaller pupils. The marchers were attired in white, the girls wearing white dresses and carrying umbrellas, while the boys had white caps, white blouses and dark trousers. All the pupils wore purple sashes bearing the name of the state they represented.
All the floats were elaborately decorated in red, white and blue, and the students on the wagons carried banners designating the state they represented.
Representing the states of Washington, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming, came the students of the Penn school, under Marshal J. H. Cessna, principal of the school. Two hundred children were marching while 130 pupils were carried on the floats. First in line appeared the banner, which was carried by three pupils, Arthur Means, Robert Lehman and Fred Gleichert. The banner was painted in green and gold with black lettering, with the word "Penn". inscribed thereon. A hugh pen formed the spear at the end of the pole.
Old Glory was carried by the janitor, Frank Smith, after whom came the general float, portraying the treaty of William Penn with the Indians. William Penn was represented by Denver Mason, and he was attired in the quaint Quaker costume. The float was decorated to represent the scene of the signing of the treaty, and a hugh oak tree was planted on the wagon. Many Indians and Quakers formed the group around the tree.
Next in line came the marshal in charge of Company A, which represented the state of Washington. This was formed entirely of girls. At the head of the delegation rode Lucian Root, a pupil of the school, attired as George Washington, mounted upon a white pony. The girls were attired in white and carried flags. All wore sashes with the inscription Washington.
The next float represented Montana and was preceded by a company of fifty boys. The third float represented Wyoming, and the last Idaho. All the boys wore white caps and blouses, and dark trousers. The pupils riding on the floats carried banners bearing the name of the state they represented. The wagons were decorated in red, white and blue.
The horses drawing the floats were blanketed, each blanket bore the name of the state. The floats were decorated under the direction of the Second Ward Civic association, who had charge of the feature part of the Penn school parade.
The four baby states of the Union, Utah, Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona, the latest states to be admitted to the sisterhood, were represented by the Garfield school. The pupils showed the careful training which they had received at the hands of their principal, Professor Miles W. Black, and his corps.
Boys and girls to the number of 216 were on foot while there were twenty-four more children on the float. The float which was emblematic of the four baby states was represented each by six children, there being four seats on the float.
The marchers were appropriately attired. Four aides, one for each state, were in full uniform with white shirts and trousers and blue ties. They wore the Garfield regalia of pale blue silk with gilt fringe and appropriate lettering.
At the head of each of the four divisions was carried a banner on which was inscribed the name of the state. The marching of the children was a fine exhibition and rounds of applause greeted the division all along the line. Two drummers marched in the center of the division.
The Hastings band led the school and rendered an excellent program of music along the way.
The island possessions---Hawaii, the Philippines and Porto Rica---and Alaska, were represented in the parade by the pupils of the Stevens building. The students were marshaled by the principal, W. N. Decker, and he was assisted in the work by the able corps of teachers. The school banner bearing the inscription "Stevens school," was carried by the school janitor. The banner was painted in gold.
Thirty-two boys formed the first company in the line of march. They represented Hawaii, and each of the girl marchers wore a silver crown. The third company represented the Philippines with thirty-two impersonating the island inhabitants. The fourth company contained thirty-six girls representing Porto Rica. All the companies were preceded by a flag bearer.
Four floats were in the line of march. The first represented Alaska and the island possession of Hawaii. One-half of the float was used by the Eskimos, who were sitting around a small hut erected in the body of the wagon. The pupils were attired as Eskimos. The other half portrayed the life in the Hawaiian islands, and pictured the King and Queen. The characters were taken by the smaller pupils. America was pictured in the center ruling both possessions.
The second float represented the Philippines and Porto Rica. The present two governors of the islands were attired in the costumes of Spain and America and sat in opposite corners on the float. The other two floats were elaborately decorated and carried the smaller children of the school.
Following the recently organized High school band of thirty pieces came the High school faculty of twenty-eight members. Each was attired in cap and gown, and presented an imposing appearance. The marchers formed in columns of four each. They were marshalled by Principal George D. Robb.
The band members were nattily attired in regulation band uniforms. The coats were a bright red and close fitting, while the trousers were black, with a wide purple braid, extending from the hip to the cuff.
Next in order came the human flag, formed by the students of the Altoona High school and the Central Grammar school. The flag was formed by 221 pupils, all girls, the majority coming from the Central Grammar school. They were in charge of the Misses Euphemia Heilman and Blanche E. Bender. All were attired in white dresses and shoes.
The girls all carried parasols of red and white. In addition, forty-eight of them carried the stars which formed the color scheme. The students marched in lines twenty feet in width and forty feet in length, each line being fourteen inches apart, so the parasols touched.
The marchers in the flag were escorted by thirty-four of the male members of the senior class, seventeen attired as the army men and seventeen as members of the navy.
Next came the Repasz band of Williamsport, followed by the color guard of the Senior High school girls. The girls were gaily attired and wore sashes bearing the name Pennsylvania, which state was represented by the students of the High and Central Grammar schools. Principal W. H. Burd followed as marshal of the Central Grammar, and then came the faculty, fourteen in number. They were also attired in cap and gown.
Next in line was the Jaffa Temple band, which headed the remaining students of the two schools. Over 1,000 marchers were in the line, and each wore a sash with the name of the state represented.
The Central Grammar school pupils formed a separate platoon in advance of the High school pupils. A pennant representing the school was carried by the pupils. The banner contained the facsimile of President Lincoln, as the building is named after the great president. Four companies were represented and they were marshaled by Fred Wicker, Harry Sommers, Arthur V. and Earl Morrow.
Rev. Morgan M. Sheedy marshaled the pupils of St. John's parochial schools. Two hundred boys over 10 years of age were in line. One hundred of this total were attired in the suits of the United States army, the other hundred in the uniforms of the navy. The pupils were drilled to perfection.
Following the marchers was the float representing the court of Spain, on the return of Christopher Columbus after the discovery of the new world. The central characters, King Ferdinand, Queen Isabelle, Columbus and the ladies in waiting were represented by the smaller members of the school. A number of the girls were attired as Spanish maidens wearing the costume of Spain.
Columbus was represented as presenting the king and queen with gifts from the new world. A number of boys were attired as Indians which Columbus brought from the new world. Three girls representing Faith, Hope and Charity adorned the front of the float. Each carried a floral design of heart, cross and anchor, respectively.
Columbia, or the Goddess of Liberty was represented on the rear of the float. The color scheme was red, white and blue.
The characters were taken by the following: Queen Isabelle, Marie DeBarber; attendants, Rose DeBarber and Gwendolin Story; King Ferdinand, Raymond Sheedy; courtiers, George Brantlinger and Joseph Eckenrode; Columbus, William Allen; pages, Weston Ivory and Herbert Stoltz; Indians, Paul Kelly and Albert Lang; Faith, Alice O'Toole; Hope, Mary Inlow; Charity, Catharine Holland.
Homer Ivory acted as general of the army and rode at the head of the marchers on a black steed. Francis Cowan represented Commodore Perry, and had charge of the navy.
Sixteen pupils carrying a huge American flag formed the head of the delegation representing St. Mark's parochial school. The youngsters were attired in blue uniforms. The students were marshaled by the principal, Father Egan. A squad of eighty of the male students followed. The students were well drilled and gave a number of exhibitions.
A feature of the St. Mark's school was the presence of two squads of girls, sixteen in number, being attired in the national colors, red, white and blue. They were supported by a guard of six boys who were also attired in red, white and blue.
Next came two of the junior members of the school, Albert Cartland and Irene Otterbine, riding in a pony cart. They were attired in the national colors, and carried the banner of the St. Mark's school.
The float in line portrayed the King and Queen of Fairyland, on a throne surrounded by their court, which was composed of thirty pupils. Mary Reifsteck, attired in male costume took the part of the King, while Mary Fels was attired as Queen. Both wore gaudy costumes.
On the second and third floats in the line of march came the smaller children of the school.
The pupils of the SS. Peter and Paul Catholic school were headed by the members of the Polish brass band. Following came 24 of the pupils, the girls wearing white caps and dresses, with red sashes and the boys blue caps, trimmed in red. All the children carried American flags.
The float carried 24 boys and 25 girls. It represented a court scene, with the principal character; the Queen of Poland chained to a cross. She was surrounded by her court. The Polish Queen wore a gold crown. Columbia was also portrayed on the float, and she was decorated with a gold crown with a star and coat of arms of the United States.
The marchers were marshaled by Joseph Burk, principal.
A float represented the St. James Evangelical Lutheran school in the parade. The float contained about sixty children gathered about a May pole. The children were sitting on the steps around the pole holding the streamers. The girls were attired in white and wore a red, white and blue sash. The boys were dressed in blue and wore blue caps. The float was drawn by four horses.
The directors, President A. C. Landis, Dr. R. J. Hillis, J. W. Lees, A. R. Berryman, P. E. Bishop, J. W. Fleck and A. C. Beaver led the Juniata schools in an automobile. Superintendent M. B. Wineland, chief marshal, and his aides, Mr. W. A. Geesey, Mr. J. E. Walter, Mr. S. Smith, Mr. H. A. Wertz and Mr. Birch R. Ober, mounted, led the company of boys numbering about 200. Following the boys were the floats of the various schools which for beauty has surpassed anything of the kind ever produced before in Juniata, numbering in all seventeen, as follows: McKinley building, High school, the seniors, a "Red Cross society" in charge of the senior girls.
The Junior class was represented by a May pole and seventeen girls dressed in the shades of the rainbow.
The sophomore class, in charge of Miss Barbara Wertz, representing the month of June, nineteen girls in color effect of red and white, were gowned to represent roses. The girls were seated in the form of a pyramid.
Section No. 1 of the freshmen, in charge of Miss Isabel Morrison, represented the different nations and were so costumed. The float was decorated with the flags of the different nations.
The second division of the freshmen was an elaborate display of "Spring," in charge of Miss Georgia Moore. The float was profusely decorated with peach trees in full bloom, overhung with green leaves, butterflies and birds flying about. The girls were gowned in white with pink crowns of roses. Each carried a parasol which was covered with pink flowers.
The Keystone building had two floats, the "Goddess of Liberty," with the loyal states of the north and Miss Columbia and Uncle Sam, with the thirteen original colonies. The "Goddess of Liberty" was represented by Miss Jessie Cox, Miss Columbia by Miss Emily Lauver and Uncle Sam by Alfred Lauver.
The Logan school, Central Grammar building, had five floats. The eighth grade float was trimmed in white, draped with tinsel. There were fifty girls dressed in white costumes and crowns trimmed with stars. The seventh grade float was trimmed in Japanese colors, red and white. It carried forty girls dressed as Japanese maids and carrying Japanese parasols.
Grade No. 6's float was trimmed in green and white and carried twenty girls, all dressed in white and wearing red, white and blue caps and sashes.
Grade No. 5's float was trimmed with red, white and blue bunting. Fifty small boys and girls rode. The girls were dressed in Martha Washington costume. The boys wore the regular soldier caps.
The fourth grade had a handsome turn out, profusely decorated with bunting and carried over forty scholars.
The Logan building floats were in charge of Miss Bell Woomer and Miss Edna Sausser, and Miss Hannah Raugh, Miss Alma Bitner, Miss Mabelle Norris, Miss Cora Brunner, Miss Olive Shellenberger, Miss Bueller, Miss Thompson, Miss Emily Sayres and Harry Boyles.
The Noble school building was represented by three floats, "The May Flower," "Loyal War States" and "Thirteen Original States."
The "May Flower" was represented by a boat 8x20 feet, in pure white, a good reproduction of the original land landing of the Pilgrims in 1620. There were thirty-six boys and girls on the boat representing the Pilgrims, who were in charge of Miss Margaret Howland and Miss Mary Gregory.
The "Loyal War States" were represented by a beautiful float with thirty five children. Abraham Lincoln was represented by Elmer Shaner.
"The Thirteen Original States" was in charge of Miss Jennie Brumbaugh each state being represented by a pupil.
McKinley building, grade No. 5's float, was in charge of Miss Alma Brumbaugh. The float represented "Autumn." About fifty children, dressed up in leaves to represent autumn, made a fine appearance.