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Big Industrial Pageant.

Civic and Industrial Display Was the Most
Pretentious Affair Ever Planned by People of
Altoona. Business Men Put Forth Extra-
Ordinary Efforts.

From Altoona Mirror September 26, 1912.

Even surpassing the splendid parade of yesterday, when the military and school children marched before the president of the United States, the Civic and industrial parade, which was the crowning feature of the War Governors' celebration, was held this morning and, while preparations had been made for the finest pageant in the history of the city, not one of the many thousands of people who thronged the streets to witness it had the slightest idea of the scope and magnificence of the exhibition prepared by the city.

Practically every sidewalk, window and roof along the entire route of parade, from the east to the west side of the city, was packed by a crowd that numbered far more than yesterday's when it was estimated that at least 100,000 saw the parade. The parade for which the merchants had long been preparing moved from the starting point promptly at 10 this morning, traversing the East Side and then the West, the head of the column reaching the official reviewing stand at Eleventh avenue and Twelfth street, on which were Lieutenant Governor John M. Reynolds, Judge T. J. Baldrige, Mayor S. H. Walker, General Chairman J. D. Hicks and many other distinguished personages, at 10:30 o'clock.

Of all the parades of the Semi-centennial, this was the one on which the most work had been put and the results reflected great credit upon all who had anything to do with the ar rangements.

The parade, reaching the reviewing and judges' stand at 10:30, was led by a troop of heralds, dressed in mediaeval costumes, followed by a platoon of city patrolmen, under the command of Lieutenant McIlvaine, while the band leading the parade was the Repasz band of Williamsport, a hand that got an ovation all along the line.

Following a troop of color bearers, mounted, came Chief Marshal W. C. Westfall and some thirty aides, all mounted and uniformed in serge coats, white trousers, light leggings and campaign hats, they being followed by another troop of color bearers.


Civic and Fraternal Societies Turn Out
in Large Numbers.

The first division of the parade was led by Marshal C. L. Nonemaker and consisted of the civic and fraternal organizations of the city, the first division proper containing the semi-military organizations. Following the markers of the division the Boy Scouts' band of Lewistown, Pa., preceded the marshal of the sub-division, Charles R. Simpson, and aides, and the Sons of Veterans' drum corps, which followed him, receiving an enthusiastic reception.

Marshal Simpson's division of companies of the Sons of Veterans Reserves from Johnstown, South Fork and Altoona and the Boys' Brigade of this city, followed by a troop of Boy Scouts, the whole division numbering some 300 men, all in uniform.


Fraternal Organizations Deserve Much
Credit for Big Demonstration.

The men who belong to the various fraternal organizations of the city have been looking forward to today's parade for some time, and the many thousands who witnessed the excellent marching in this division were delighted with the demonstration. Not only was Altoona largely represented but several of the surrounding cities sent some of their fraternal men here.

The famous Tyrone band headed this division. This band enjoys the reputation of being among the best musical organizations in the state and it certainly deserves the reputation. The boys from the Central City never acquitted themselves better.

The Knights of Pythias were the first organization in line and they made a fine showing. The Uniform Rank of Johnstown with about thirty men were accorded first place.

The Pythian lodge of Bedford sent a large representation here. Captain Levi Smith was in charge. Among the Bedford Pythians in line was Morselle W. Corle, chief burgess of the town. He is foreman in the Gazette newspaper establishment in his home town.

The Uniform Rank of Altoona came next with a fine representation. The Uniform Rank is a military division of the organization and both the Johnstown and Altoona ranks executed a number of manoevers along the line. The other members of the three lodges of the Pythians in Altoona followed, there being about 125 who wore kahki uniforms with white stripes. The men for the most part marched twelve abreast and made a very fine appearance. The Pythians had some of their most distinguished officers in line, among the number being Lieutenant Colonel Davis of Pittsburgh, Colonel Ryan of Latrobe and Colonel William Sheeler of Johnstown, all connected with the Uniform Rank.

The Friendship band of Frankstown, with thirty-six men under the leadership of T. H. Smith, came next in line. The men were attired in black uniforms and their music was in keeping with their fine appearance.

Knights of Maccabees presented a fine appearance. The Uniform Rank, No. 12, of this city with thirty some men in line, executed a number of drills that excited the wonderment of the spectators. The men wore blue uniforms and carried swords. The lieutenant colonel of the Uniform Rank of the state, which is the military department of the Maccabees, came here especially for the parade. He is Charles Garlick, who holds the office of state boiler inspector, being appointed by Governor Tener. He resides in Pittsburgh. Brigadier General W. E. Blaney, also of Pittsburgh, was in the parade. Edward Irwin of Tyrone, a member of the Sheridan troop, was standard bearer.

Woodmen Turn Out In Force.

The Woodmen made a hit all along the line. The members of Altoona camp wore green uniforms which attracted every eye. The other two Modern Woodmen of America organizations in this city, Camps Logan and East Side, were well represented. They marched in a most soldierly manner and came in for much applause. The Woodmen had a float, representing two periods in history, the float being divided into two living compartments.

Probably no fraternal organization brought forth more applause than the Patriotic Order Sons of America. The organization had its own band in line and a fine body of musicians they are. The three camps united in the demonstration. They had over 300 men in parade and the line reached almost as far as the eye could carry. The men were attired in white duck trousers with white shirts and across the breast was the insignia of the order, a sash made of the stars and stripes. The men marched four abreast and kept good time.

Odd Fellows' Division.

The Citizens' band of Hollidaysburg, an organization of which the county capital people may justly be pround, headed the Odd Fellows' division. The members of the Patriarch Militant were first in line, being led by the mounted officers. The members wore black uniforms brilliantly trimmed. The coats came to the knee and the plumed hats added to the effect. Each carried a sword.

The Odd Fellows have a strong membership in Altoona and the various lodges were strongly represented. Each of the men carried a cane across his shoulder. They marched in an admirable manner and the Odd Fellows' demonstration was one of the big features of the parade. The Daughters of Rebekah were also represented.

The Red Men of the city were there with the paint and feathers. The many brave warriors made a distinct hit all along the line. There are five tribes of this organization in the city and there was a creditable turnout. The Red Men had two floats in line, the members of the Degree of Pocohontas occupying the floats. One float represented an Indian scene before the days of the white man. The squaws were sitting around on the ground in true Indian fashion.


The third division of the parade came in order, headed by its markers, the Jaffa Temple band and Marshal W. B. Ward and his aides on horseback, eight splendid flags and banners being carried by the troop of color bearers that followed the marshal, this division being composed of clubs and societies.

The first in line were the Knights of St. George, clad in neat uniforms distinguished by helmets and white plumes, while the ununiformed members of the order, a hundred or more, wore white caps.

Monitor Proves popular.

The Monitor, the celebrated battleship of the rebellion, appeared next in line, and was built under the supervision of the Swedish citizens of Altoona. The boat is patterned after the original in every particular, although much smaller in size. The plans were taken from a blue print by A. S. Vogt of the Pennsylvania railroad mechanical department. The turrets revolve with the mounted cannon and lifeboats swing on the davits.

The boat is equipped with machinery and the whistle and blow-off pipes are of brass, with all minor parts perfect. A pennant bearing the word "Monitor" floated over the turret from the stern. From the bow was unfurled a flag, the blue jack.

The sides of the vessel are adorned with photographs. On one side is the photograph of President Abraham Lincoln and Ericsson, who had charge of the vessel. On the other side is painted the battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac. The Congress is also shown just as she is sinking. The ornamental and papier-mache and decorative work was done by J. C. Lofgren. The pictures are reproduced in oil, and were painted by Mr. Lofgren.

Germans Represent Navy.

Two floats portraying the battleships of the navy, one representing the United States navy, the other the German navy, appeared in the parade under the auspices of the German citizens of Altoona. One of the battleships was constructed on the pattern of the battleship "Maine." It was designed by J. F. Lofgren. The ship was built by Contractors D. Counsman & Son.

The length of the Maine is twenty-five feet with eight foot beams. It is thirteen and one-half feet in heighth. The two turrets stood out prominently. The armament of sixteen metal guns was arrayed on each side of the vessel. The name was painted on the front of the float, Flags of the German and American navy floated from the masts.

The other vessel was constructed after the pattern of the German ship "Isis," which means "Our Friendship." This is also twenty-five feet in length with the lines of a graceful vessel. Two turrets are erected on the ship, and two lifeboats are suspended from the davits. The vessel carried the same armament as the Maine, with a different arrangement of guns.

Both vessels were manned by crews of ten sailors, each attired in the suits of the representative countries.

The floats were followed by members of the society, clad in full uniform, while the Altoona Turngemeinde, which formed a subdivision of this society, wore white caps, their officers riding in carriages.

St. Donata society was headed by President Guiseppe Martino, Vice-president DeBernardis and Secretary Canio Miraballi and aides.

The U. S. flag was carried on the right and the Italian flag on the left of line, and the banner of the society next. Their own band of twenty-six men rendered patriotic music as they marched along.

A hundred men marching carried small American and Italian flags a small balloon attached. The men marched in a very creditable manner and marked time to perfection.

The Christopher Columbus society, John DeBarber, president; Tony Fateganac, vice-president, and L. Deangelis, secretary, was followed by the McAllisterville band, Juniata county, of thirty-two pieces. About 150 men were in line, dressed in full regalia. the ship was drawn by six horses and trimmed in purple and white with curtain around the long base with purple letters, the name "Santa Maria." The characters were the Goddess of Liberity, Mrs. Marrocco; Queen of Spain, Miss Irzi; Queen of Italy, Mrs. Pannone; Christopher Columbus, W. Grassi. Also, a Monk, Captain of the Santa Maria, was Juivi Grassi. Three attendants in front and three in rear of the ship---also, six mounted aides accompanied. The ship and all aboard presented a very pleasing appearance.

The cavalcade of ladies was a surprise to everyone along the route, few being aware that the county had so many horsewomen. There were thirty ladies riding and, led by Mrs. A. R. Grier of Birmingham, they brought out a storm of applause all along the line. Mrs. Grier herself rode her Kentucky thoroughbred mare, "Queen Bess," a bright mahogany bay, which took two blue ribbons in the open class at the Pittsburgh show and is considered one of the finest riding mares in the state.


The division was led, following the markers, by the Roaring Spring band, H. O. Weaver and his aids being mounted. They were followed by a delegation of the Signalmen, in full uniform, the banners at the head of the division representing many organizations, the B. of R. T., B. of L. E. & F., letter carriers, etc.

One of the unique features of this division was a parade of a delegation of some twenty of the city's mail carriers, all members of the National Postal Carriers' union, and, as all of them are widely known personally about the city, they received a great reception at the various reviewing stands. This portion of the parade also contained one of the regular mail wagons of the city and a buggy containing Carriers Haggerty and Costlow, who were unable to walk with the others.

The division closed with a large representation of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, who marched two-a-breast being clad in their regulation uniform and, led by the B. of R. T. Drum corps, one of the finest in the city, marching so well that they were much admired.


Fire-Fighters of Altoona and Surround-
ing Towns Present Popular Display.

The firemen's division was a most creditable showing, as in addition to the Altoona fire department, there were a number of organizations from the surrounding towns and cities. The Reed band of Johnstown composed of thirty-five musicians under the leadership of Professor Otto Sann headed the division. The musicians were attired in a natty uniform of black and the Flood City is to be congratulated on having such an excellent organization.

Chief Theodore Alleman rode at the head of the marchers. He was followed by his aides also mounted, who represented the paid department and the old volunteer department of former days.

The Volunteer Firemen's organization of Altoona was the first body of marchers. They were a hundred strong and could easily be distinguished by the red shirts, the prevailing uniform during the old volunteer days. The helmet and other insignia of the olden days, was likewise worn and each man carried an ax, a most necessary implement under the old fire-fighting system. The old volunteers came in for many cheers along the way.

Several of the number were on a float. Little Loraine Kerkler, wearing the helmet, was on the float with the old boys.

The Juniata fire department made a most creditable showing as the fighters of the borough just below us and which in time will be a part of the city, mayhap, were out in force. Rogers No. 1 had twenty-five men in line, with a hose wagon. The men were dressed in green uniforms.

Rogers, No. 2, had a good representation and had a hose reel in line. Blue uniforms were worn. Juniata company No. 2 had thirty-six men in line, together with a reel. They wore the blue uniform. The Juniata contingent brought their drum corps with them and the boys gave excellent satisfaction.

The Bellwood fire department, known as the Excelsior company, likewisemade an excellent showing and the citizens of the sister borough should feel proud of their boys. These men attired in blue uniforms marched four abreast and they marched with the experience of drilled soldiers. There were forty-five men in line together with men on the hose wagon.

The Bellwood company has the distinction of having the oldest fireman from point of service in the Pennsylvania State Firemen's association. He is J. W. McCloskey, aged 72 years, and he was in the parade, riding on the wagon.

The East End fire company came in for a large amount of applause. The East Enders had forty-five men in line, fourteen being members of the famous East End drum corps who can fight fire as well as make the fife thrill and the drum roll. They had a hand-drawn ladder and hose truck in line.

Huntingdon fire company, No. 2, came here for the celebration. These flame fighters wore the proverbial red shirts with white trousers. The figure "2" in large size was seen on the breasts of their shirts. They had a fine steamer in line. These boys left an excellent impression with the thousands of spectators.

Tyrone Proud of Their Boys.

Tyrone made a fine demonstration and there were thousands of Tyroners in the city today to see how their firemen, as well as their famous bandmen, would acquit themselves. The people of Central City who saw the demonstration probably never, felt prouder than they did when they saw their fellow townsmen pass by.

The Neptune company from this town was well represented and the Blazing Arrow company likewise had a large number of men in line. Both companies had appartus with them. The Blazing Arrow had an old wagon ladder on a float which, during the Centennial celebration in Philadelphia in 1876, took a prize. The firemen were attired as Indians.

Following these companies came our own paid fire department, the pride of our city. The big new motor truck headed the local department. Following this were the steamers and hose wagons from the railroad fire companies who work in conjunction with the city when needed, and then came the various companies of the city proper. The big truck A, kept at the Tenth avenue house, excited the admiration of the populace as it was manuevered around the various turns. Three horses abreast were needed to pull this heavy piece of apparatus. All of the companies were represented.

No. 4 company as a mascot had a little dog on the wagon which was decorated gaily with ribbon. He barked at the many spectators along the line and seemed to have a good time. Truck B, located at Sitth avenue and Thirteenth street, brought up the rear of the firemen's division.


Retail Merchants Show some Great
Work in Float Decorations.

The division was marshaled by W. L. Longenecker, who was assisted by twenty-five mounted sub-aides, in addition to a rear guard of eighteen aides. The Ebensburg band, of thirty-five pieces, furnished the music for the division.

Preceded by a gorgeously decorated automobile, a glittering golden hillock edged in azure and dotted with blue snow balls, in and around which delicate green vines creep, clingingly, moving to the slow tread of eight gorgeously caparisoned horses, was W. S. Aaron, the well known furniture dealer's contribution to the big parade. Truly, this was one of the notable shows of the occasion, stretching, as it did, fully 200 feet in length.

The adopted colors of the big furnishing house, a golden yellow and dark blue, covered the train completely from the forehead of the first horses clear along the line to the rear of the great float, which resembled a huge pyramidal shaped bank of yellow snow, over which had dropped numerous large blue balls, sufficient of which had sprung into orderly array, to spell out the names. "W. S. Aaron, Furniture," in five foot letters.

In charge of H. E. Westbrook, "chief of staff," and K. B. Young, "commander of horse," the superb train majestically moved along, pulsating from end to end, even the gaily caparisoned horses seeming conscious of their duties and the importance of the occasion. Unfeigned admiration marked the features of spectators on every hand.

The float was a pretentious affair, twenty feet long, ten feet wide and ten feet high, with a square base from which it rose to the apex in the shape of a pyramid. The background was of yellow excello, the scalloped bottom edged in blue. The yellow was sprinkled with blue snow balls, relieved between with green vines. A large blue star with yellow centre, gave tone to the rear.

The same color scheme was carried out in decorating the horses. Large fluffy blankets of yellow, blue dotted, covering each horse completely, including head and neck, was a sight suggesting the gorgeous, to say the least.

The automobile, which lead the train, and was a revelry of yellow and blue, was occupied by Mr. Aaron, founder and proprietor of the store, and three small girls. The girls were dressed in white and wore a yellow rosette in their hair and carried umbrellas matching the predominant color of the scheme.

The attendants wore special uniforms made for the occasion of blue with yellow band on the coat and yellow stripe on the trousers. Caps were also blue with yellow band, "Commander of Horse" Young, mounted on a horse which seemed to enter into the pomp and gayety of the occasion, was a fitting escort to the brilliant scene.

Grant Sheffer's book and stationary store came next in line and the float presented an elaborate display of wall paper, in addition to containing a number of paper hangers. Some fine samples of paper were shown. The float was divided off into a compartment of rooms, with a different sample of paper in each room. The base of the wagon was draped in white. The horses were plumed. A number of flags floated from the posts supporting the paper.

Jeweler Louis Lippman's float was one of the most attractive in the parade. The main feature was a large clock that was striking the hours. On one side of the clock was a handsome bronze statue of a hunter on his, Arabian steed, with game fastened to the back of the saddle. On the other side stood a tree illuminated by electricity. White and green decorations were worked in artistically. On both sides and at the end of the float was the firm name, "Lippman Bros." Along the line of march tasty souvenirs were distributed. Silk ribbons of different colors bearing the name, "Lippman, Jewelers and Opticians, Altoona, Pa.," fluttered into the hands of the crowd. A watch dial, the same as used by the Elgin company, was another souvenir design. The float was drawn by two grey horses, richly comparisoned, with the firm name on the saddles.

The display of the Altoona Brewing company, owned by Wilhelm, Schimminger and Ramsey, came next. The float was one of the most elaborate in the display. It was built on a flat base, and contained four large pillars, one at each corner. In the bowl was seated four young ladies attired in white. In the center of the float, seated on a high platform, were two more young ladies. The color scheme was white, and the body and sides were covered with white drapery.

The Pennsylvania State Poultry association was represented by a unique and attractive display. The large float, which was drawn by four grey horses, was thirty feet in length. It contained coops in which some prize poultry, pigeons and animals were displayed. The coops were intermingled with drapery. A canopy hung over the poultry display and the trimmings were in white and blue.

A number of attendants were in charge of the display. They were attired in white caps and white suits.

The Ancient Order of Hibernian float followed in this division instead of coming in the second division.

The characters hereon impersonated "Queen Erin" extending a helping hand in the time of need in the shape of over three hundred thousand of her sons, led by her generals. Four of them were represented, namely, Sheridan, the hero of Winchester and Cedar Creek; Gen. Geo. G. Meade, who won the battle of Gettysburg, the greatest battle in modern history, and the decisive battle of the Civil War. Cochran, who was under General Scott at the battle of Bull Run and Thomas Meagher, leader of the Irish Brigade of whom a number of historians speak in brilliant words of their gallantry.

Thirty yards of excello and other decorative material were used to trim the float, the red, white and blue were prominent. The American and Irish flags were in evidence. A picture of Arch Bishop J. J. Hughes of New York was shown on the rear of the float. During the rebellion he was sent by President Lincoln to France and England as special ambassador to induce the nations to remain neutral. This important measure brought victory to Seward's diplomacy.

Queen Erin was impersonated by Miss Sarah Doran who looked every inch a queen. She wore a beautiful green gown trimmed in gold braid with a gold crown and celtic cross. Columbia wore a white satin gown trimmed in silver braid and wore a liberty crown. Miss Martha Hickey, Columbia, was stately and acted her part well. Four aides or guards of honor marched with the float. They received frequent applause along the line, which they deserved.

Porch Bros. piano house had the next display in line and an elaborately decorated float represented the music house. A number of uprights were placed on the float and a piano of the firm was placed in the middle. Music was furnished over the entire route by one of the young ladies. Ferns and potted plants adorned the corners of the float.

A huge basket, such as none but an Amazon or a Hercules could carry, surrounded by four massive columns, resting on a structure 24 feet long and 9 feet in width, made of white excello and purple trimmed, with just a suggestion of green, the Rothert Furniture Company's massive float, was one of the "hits" of the parade. The groundwork of this float represented a small elevated garden, square in shape, except for a graceful "swell" at the centre of each side of lattice work. With a back-ground of fluffy white, edged off by a wide purple scroll border and sprinkled with lilacs on delicate green vines, a most striking effect was obtained. Across the white lattice in neatly worked letters of purple, the name "Rothert CO.," appeared. The centre of the stage was occupied by a huge basket, eight feet from end to end, five feet in width and probably six feet in depth. This was of white excello, with purple handle, purple band around the top and dotted with lilacs. From each of the four corners of the float there arose massive white columns around which lilacs climbed to the purple capitals. Crowning the columns and smiling from the big basket, eight fairy like little girls, one on top of each column and four in the basket, dressed in white, and carrying white parasols trimmed with lilacs, presented a fairyland scene of unusual and unequaled beauty. The float was drawn by four horses clad in white blankets, with a large purple "R" ingeniously worked into the side. Each horse was accompanied by an attendent in white uniform with purple stripe on trousers and coat. The driver and a rear guard occupied large Roman chairs on the float, one in front and the other immediately in the rear of the huge basket.

In the sixth division came the float of H. C. Sperry, the retail piano dealer of Thirteenth avenue and Eleventh street. The float represented a music house. Pots of ferns adorned the room. A Howard piano was carried on the float this being played while passing the viewing stands. National tunes were rendered. Mr. Sperry showed his artistic skill in the decorations.

Uncle Sam was impersonated on the float. He was represented by S. L.Sperry, a son of the proprietor. Sheets of music and booklets were distributed along the line of march. Four young ladies, the Misses Maud Springer, Naomi Sheets, Ethel Griffith and Ortha Nicodemus, stood at each corner of the float. They were attired in white, with a gold crown on the head. Each held a pink and green banner.

Four horses drew the float. The drapery on the float extended almost to the paving, hiding the wheels of the wagon from view.

W. L. Longenecker's float came next in line, and represented the time of 1862 and the present. E. P. Scotten, a war veteran aged 74 years, represented the period of 1862. He was attired in the Union blue. His little grand-child accompanied him and represented the present generation. James McLain and Charles Lauver were also attired as soldiers of the Civil war.

The wagon was drawn by one horse. The decorations were elaborate and contained a profusion of green maple leaves. The uprights were filled and the roof completely covered. The body was draped in red, white and blue.

The coal firm of L. P. Kline was next in line. This team was a two horse delivery wagon of the firm. It bore a huge sign, and in the center on a slightly raised platform was displayed samples of coal sold by the firm. The wagon was neatly decorated. The horses were covered with American flags and bunting.

The Germania Brewery, John Kazmaier, proprietor, float came next in line. The float was an elaborate one and contained five uprights which were decorated with white bunting. Six young ladies attired in white occupied places on the float. Potted plants and ferns adorned the floor.

The Independent Fife and Drum Corps of this city marched next in line after which came another float of Brewer Kazmaier. The float was even more elaborate than the first and on a high platform in the rear was seated Columbia, attired in red, white and blue. Fourteen young ladies attired in white with bride's caps, holding banners bearing the names of the fourteen loyal war states occupied seats on the float.

Ribbons were strung from each of the banners to Columbia, who guided the destinies of each state.

The Westfall company float, one of the finest in the line, deserves special mention. Weeks of labor and study by the artist and skillful mechanic, who conceived the idea and built this beautiful conveyance, are deserving of all possible praise. After the had passed the Westfall Co. float seemed to be the common point of talk. It was 26 feet in length, 7 feet wide and drawn by four white horses having robes of purple and gold that reached to the knees and trimmed with gold fringe and tassels. On each horse's bridle was a handsome red, white and blue plume. The Keystone, the trade mark of the firm, was made of royal purple velvet with the name of the company in gold letters.

The float represented the number of states at the time of the convention of loyal war governors. Along the body of the float were shields to represent each state. The central figure on each side was the coat of arms of Pennsylvania. The states were also represented by girls dressed in gold with a purple sash across the breast with the name of the state represented and holding a banner with the name of the governor of the state represented at the time the meeting was held here. A throne covered with purple plush mounted with a canopy and upon the throne sat Pennsylvania with streamers in hand extending to each of the loyal states, inviting them to meet in Altoona, showing that she was the one who called the meeting. The top of the canopy was richly ornamented with gold lace and tassels. A ribbon along the base of the float with the inscription, "The Loyal Way Governors' Conference," on the center and sides of the float a fine picture of President Lincoln and Governor Curtin with the state flag on one side and national flag on the other. On the front end of the float was a huge American eagle, perched with out-spread wings. Uncle Sam, the teamster, rode on the eagle's back. A shield on the breast of the bird and a ribbon in its mouth bore the inscription "E Pluribus Unum." Each end of the inscription ribbon was ornamented with a gold scroll in high relief made of papier mache and gilded. A scroll in bright relief, 8 feet high and 9 feet wide, ornamented each side of the throne.

Miss Estelle Owens represented Pennsylvania on the throne and was handsomely dressed in a gold gown with the train falling over the steps of the throne. Walter B. Wagner, decorator for the firm, designed and made the float equipment. The eagle, coat of arms and gold scrolls were first moulded out of clay, plaster was then made into these patterns. Papier mache was formed and when completed, gilded. All this was prepared in the store. The approximate cost was possibly between four and five hundred dollars.

Boyd, Glenn & Co., had a unique display in line and on the company's float the conditions that prevailed at the close of the Civil war. In the rear of the float there were two tombstones, one designated as the grave of the wearer of the Union Blue, and the other as the "Gray". In the center was a small maple tree, while at the front end of the float sat two ladies attired as widows, in addition to a number of small children as orphans.

Resembling outwardly one of those delightful little be-columned and fairy like bowers one reads about in Roman lore, but inwardly representing a modern reading room which master furniture builders have given an air of quiet luxury and comfort undreamed of in former times, the float of the Standard Furniture Company showed rare skill and remarkable ingenuity. Under skillful bands of expert workmen a square base 18 feet long, 8 feet wide and 4 feet deep, of ordinary cloth and wood, was magically turned into four crimson dged sunbursts, one on either end and on each side. This formed a base for the structure which rose above to a height of about 13 feet. Towering above the surfase of the float, four large columns formed a room eight feet square and supporting a canopy covering, which was a riot of autumn leaves on the top. At each corner of the float, three smaller columns were deftly formed into classic pedestals bearing urns and a variety of flowers. Crimson edged white panels connected the columns forming the room, which was fitted up in modern fashion for a reading room or library. Across the white field forming the panels, the words, "Standard Furniture" appeared in blue. The scene laid within the room is a most attractive one. A large mahogany library table of colonial design occupied the centre. Around this, in large comfortable leather chairs, four young girls were seated, each dressed in a white gown. The horses drawing the float were richly caparisoned, presenting an appearance of remarkable gayety in their harmonious colorings. The exhibit gave evidence of a well thought out plan coupled with skill in both design and workmanship. The autumn leaves covering the canopy were oak, suggesting the wood which enters more largely into the manufacture of furniture than any other. The shining and fluting and paneling with cloth was skillfully executed, while the various colors were blended with a model of neatness and harmony.

Kline Bros., float followed in line. The float was drawn by four horses and contained six young ladies, who were seated in the center of uprights from the floor of the wagon. Two young men attired in white suits occupied the center of the wagon. Two girls also occupied seats on a raised platform. All were attired in white. The wagon was also attired in white.

Goldstein's float displayed a court scene with a large number of fashionably attired young ladies. A huge American flag formed the back ground. The covering was trimmed with autumn leaves, while the uprights presented a mass of yellow and white bunting. Many potted plants and bouquets of flowers occupied the stage.

George O. Dilling's float appeared next in line. The display portrayed on the float was a unique one and extremely pleasing all along the line of march.

Simon's Shoe Store float was one of the finest in the parade. The Simon auto was decorated in white and yellow throughout, and a bare spot could not be found. On the top of the auto was a hugh shoe decorated in yellow and white bunting. The features of the shoe were perfect, and the buttons were displayed by white ribbon.

Kline & Company's float was featured by eight young ladies attired in white. On each corner of the float sat a youngster on a pedestal. The pedestals were decorated in white and pink. In the center an arch was erected and two young ladies were seated on each side.

John Bellis' grocery team was next in line. The wagon was covered with blue and white bunting, and the sides were draped with small flags.

Elway & Mattas had something unique in the line of floats, and the body of the wagon contained a cage containing two prize sheep, owned by the butchers. The cage was fitted out in red, white and blue. The float was drawn by two spirited animals, arranged in the tandem style. Each horse was led by a hostler.

McEldowney Bros.' big automobile delivery truck appeared next in line. The big truck was covered with red, white and blue ribbon, and the sides were practically hidden from view.

Grocer C. C. Roudabush had a nicely decorated wagon in line. H. Sabathne, the tinner, displayed a modern heater on a float. The Germania bakery establishment was represented by a wagon.

The Pleasant Valley stock farm, the home of certified milk, B. B. Hileman, proprietor, had a display which was as unique as it was splendid, and there was not an eye along the entire line that missed the spectacle.

Two of the prize winning bulls owned by Mr Hileman were hitched up and pulled the float along. The animals did not seem to mind the large crowds a bit. In fact they are used to crowds as one of the annimals has been exhibited at seventeen state fairs while the other has taken in eleven, winning prizes right along. In the float was a live cow of the famous Swiss breed. Bossy looked contentedly at the big throngs along the line. The float was trimmed in the national colors and at the corners were found stalks of corn, several of which were fourteen feet in heighth. Mr. Hileman, mounted on a fine grey horse, rode ahead of the float.

The Pleasant Valley dairy came next with a live milch cow on a float. The S. H. Keith and Shady Meadows milk wagons came next.

J. H. Haines, the plumber, had an exhibit that brought forth applause everywhere. It was a modern bathroom fitted up on a float. Little Sarah Sweet, aged 6 and Allie Miller, aged 5, were riding on the float, along with an older person.

The Grand Union Tea company had five floats and wagons in line. The first float presented a Japanese scene. Four beautiful girls attired in Japanese costume was the cynosure of all eyes.

The Wolfe Sporting Goods establishment presented a unique exhibit. The two Porta brothers, said to be the youngest prize fighters in the world, gave exhibitions of sparring and bag punching along the way. Frank is aged 8 and Paul is 9. They reside at 2309 Eighth avenue.

In the portion reserved for auto trucks, George M. Aurick, the well known butcher, had a fine automobile delivery truck that was beautifully decorated with ropes of red, white and blue tinsel and colored plumes.

The exhibit of the Singer Sewing Machine company was an interesting one, they showing a number of old style sewing machines in contrast with the latest models. The company had four buggies and an automobile in line, all prettily decorated with flags and colored ropes, and, on the rear of each buggy was a sewing machine, representing the different stages in the manufacture of the machines. The oldest machine was that on the automobile, which was a machine sold in 1850.


Wholesale Dealers of City Elaborate
on Floats.

Headed by the markers carrying the banner of the Seventh division came the Osterburg band, and C. F. Anderson, the chief marshal. He had two sub-aides who marched in the rear of the marshal. Next came the squad of ten assistant aides.

First in the line of march came the float of the Anderson Paper and Twine Company. The firm's largest wagon was used to present the display. The wagon was covered with white colored bunting, and this was draped nearly to the ground. The float contained samples of the different sizes of paper sold by the firm. The scheme of placing the rolls was the shape of an "X". The largest roll formed the center, and the varied sizes were placed at right angles from the center. The float was covered, an awning being suspended on four large white pillars.

"A peach of a float" describes the float in the line of parade that represented the produce firm of Albright Bros. The float attracted much attention all along the line. It was an immense pyramid of peaches which were shipped to the firm from Prevo, Utah, the land of the finest peaches in the world. The float was decorated in the national colors.

The name of the firm was featured in a novel manner with the fruit. The name was inscribed in gilt letters on the wagon, and the letters were intermingled with the peaches. About 4,000 peaches were distributed along the route.

T. J. Armstrong & Son's float followed in line. The float was drawn by four horses and the wagon represented a candy stand. It was square and contained four counters. Two young ladies attired in white acted as clerks and they dispensed good "sweets" all along the line of march. A number of jars of candy was placed at intervals on the counters.

Fourth in line was the floats of the W. W. Blake Tobacco company. They were three in number. The first was the miniature wagon drawn by two donkeys in charge of a clown. The body of the wagon contained a large amount of bunting and advertised "Happy Sam". The other two wagons were the two general delivery teams and they were draped with a profusion of red, white and blue.

The J. Blumenthal Sons' wholesale cigar house had a most appropriate float in line. The bed of the float, which was fifteen feet long and eight feet wide, was trimmed artistically in blue and yellow. From the bed rose six circular columns which were made of empty cigar boxes.

There was one column at each of the corners and two in the centre on which was surmounted a model of a huge cigar. The "big smoke" was seven feet in length. Two horses decorated in white drew the float. Crysanthemums were used extensively in the decorative scheme.

An elaborate float represented the A. Benzel bakery. The float was decorated in white and contained six bakers, in the long white coats and white loose rimmed cap. Large pretzels formed part of the decorations, and a large array of youngsters found the display popular owing to the free samples of the baking art.

E. D. Clark's float was filled with sacks of flour. The sacks were arranged in an attractive style. The float was on an auto truck. The bags of flour were piled high in the rear of the machine with small assortments arranged in the rear of the drivers seat.

Four decorated floats and wagons represented the Reid Tobacco company, wholesalers. The first float in line was drawn by four horses covered with white blankets and plumed. The float contained a large number of American beauty roses, which formed the name of the firm. The roses were distributed over the body to a heighth of two feet.

At each corner of the float was a tobacco plant, just before it is ready to be harvested. On a pedestal was seen one of the largest cigars ever exhibited in this city. It was a Reid cigar, with the tobacco motto on it. Cloyd Kerlin headed the procession and announced the approach of the float.

The second float was decorated in red, white and blue, and was divided into two compartments. It contained four young ladies. They were Margaret M. Irwin, Thelma Mathews, Olga Neffan and Jennette Shaffer. They gave out "permits" to smoke.

The third float was one of the firm's new wagons, with the roof gaily attired. The decorations represented the liberty bell on a cross bar. The fourth float portrayed the close of the Civil war, with the Blue and the Grey shaking hands. A tent was erected on the top of the wagon.

Curry, Canan & Co. Ltd., wholesale grocers, were represented in the parade by an elaborate rectangular float. A canopy was erected on the float, and it was supported by four white pillars. The color scheme throughout was blue and white. On the sides of the canopy was the name of the house with the date of establishment and the present date. The float was drawn by four bay horses.

Klepser Bros., were represented in the division by two elaborate floats which contained bags of flour. The bags were artistically arranged and presented a neat appearance. The horses attached were gaily decorated. The body of the wagon was attired in blue and white ribbon. One of the wagons represented the Goddess of Liberty on an elevated platform. Sheaves of wheat were fastened to the rear of the wagon.

A "King Midas" sign was used to advantage on the Wray, Moore & Co. wholesale grocers' float. The largest wagon of the firm was planned with a flat surface, the top being three feet above the wheels. The top was twelve feet long and six feet wide. It was draped with a covering of bright orange bunting three feet wide, in addition to having dark blue trimmings. On the middle of the float was a pyramid of King Midas flour in the original sacks.

On each corner of the float was a steel cut figure of a little girl five feet in heighth. The float was drawn by two horses and two mules. An orange colored blanket covered each animal.

An exhibit that gave the spectators a peep into the days of the aborigines was presented by the float of the William Weil company wholesale tobacco firm. The bed of the float was artistically formed of oak leaves and branches and at each corner was a shock of corn, a plant given to the white man by the Indians. In the midst is seen the commanding figure, of "Sleepy Eye," a warrior brave whose many deeds of valor have gone down in history and after whom a famous brand of cigars has been named. A typical tepee is nearby and all the surroundings are in keeping with the general scheme. The float was most realistic and drew forth much favorable comment all along the line.


Conestoga Wagon and "John Bull" Train
Among the Interesting Features.

One of the most unique and attractive demonstrations was that of the Pennsylvania railroad company, whose float gave a good idea of the means of travel a found in the "Conestoga Wagon," "Canal Packet---Old Pittsburgh Line," "John Bull Train---Camden and Amboy Railroad---1831," "First Steam Train to the West, 1834," and the "First Passenger Car with Elevated Roof, 1836," as compared to the "Eighteen Hour" train that spins through valley and city and climbs the mountain side.

The coming of these important auxilaries to the industrial parade was preceded by a mounted herald bearing a banner emblazoned on which was: "The Pennsylvania Railroad Presents Early Transportation," and immediately following the marshal of these floats was the Altoona City band with 35 pieces, led by Prof. Jule Neff.

Float No. 1 was a Conestoga wagon drawn by six horses, while on its canvased sides was the sign, "Philadelpia and Pittsburgh 20 Days." This means of transportation pushed the pack horses and ox carts to the side as a more up-to-date means of travel. This wagon was borrowed for the occasion from Nathaniel Groff, of East Petersburg, Lancaster county.

The second float represented was a fac-simile of the passenger boat used on the "raging canal" in 1836 and named "Red Rover." A number of young ladies and young gentlemen, dressed in styles of that time were on the packet, while on either side marched young folks costumed as travelers were in those days when their belongings were carried in a "carpet sack," similar to our ladies' minature hand bag of today. The "Red Rover" plied over the slack waters of the canal between Lancaster and Safe Harbor until 1833 and the miniature packet was a good representation of the original built in Lancaster in 1828.

"John Bull" locomotive float with two coaches, not only showed the original engine as constructed for the Camden and Amboy railroad, but the two passenger cars of the stage body pattern, thus making up the first steam train in the state of New Jersey, November 12, 1831. On both sides of this exhibition were several young ladies and gentlemen representing travelers of that day.

Following this was a model of the "First Train to the West---1834." and was a reproduction of a type of engine known as "Lancaster," built by M. W. Baldwin, of Philadelphia, for the Philadelphia & Columbia railroad and was the first practical locomotive put to use on that road. The two stage body cars were a reproduction of the original cars, which were constructed to be drawn by horses, but modified to adapt them to the locomotive.

Another float that pleased many along the line of march was the "First Passenger Car with Elevated Roof" and was an exact pattern of the first coach equipped with an elevated roof and had a capacity of twelve passengers inside.

These models of other days were in marked contrast to the huge steam and electric locomotives, and all steel passenger coaches that are found threading their way over our country. This humble beginning of the great Pennsylvania blazed the way for greater conquest as the following statistics show:

                                                                     1862.                     1912.

Miles of single track,...                                    882                      3,810
Locomotives, all classes,                                 255                      3,621
Pass. equipment, cars,..                                  158                      2,502
Freight equipment, cars..                              4,016                  146,989


Manufacturers Show Rolling Mill in
Operation and Other Exhibits.

The niinth division, one of the most interesting in the parade, was headed by the Hastings band, with ex-Mayor E. F. Giles as marshal and his aids on horesback.

One of the most interesting exhibits in the parade was that of the Altoona water department, designed by Superintendent S. A. Gailey and Secretary C. B. Campbell. It consisted of two large floats, one representing the Kittanning Point and impounding reservoirs and the seconand the second, Lake Altoona, the wonderful new dam just being built by the city near Kittanning Point.

A showing that is in keeping with the ever evident business enterprise and the civic pride displayed by S. Morris and his associates, represented the Wopsononock and Roselawn projects in the line. The two floats elicited most favorable applause from the many thousands.

The Wopsy float was nothing less than the famous mountain resort in miniature. The creation was one of the most realistic of the day. The towering mountain, the winding railroad leading to the top, the unsurpassed mountain scenery, the rustic summer cottage, all were there. The design was conceived by Mr. Morris and most cleverly developed by artists.

The Roselawn float was every, bit as clever in design and execution. The bed of the float was real greedsward, representing a lawn. By the artistic employment of American Beauty roses, the word "Roselawn" was brought out with beautiful effect. On the lawn was found a small cottage, happy children, chickens, a dog, all typifying the pleasures of suburban life.

Contractor J. S. Fleck had a very attractively decorated float upon which he had a corps of men at work undertaking some building operations. The Altoona Iron company's exhibit was a most interesting one, they having a large flat float upon which was erected a model rolling mill. It was in full operation, four workmen being engaged in tending the fires, and the whole of a mill of this character was depicted so that the full operation could be seen.

J. C. Orr bad a float on which was found building materials which enter into modern dwellings.

On a float put out by Contractor P. W. Finn was represented a stone quarry. Men were at work, getting stone in shape for building purposes. A large derrick was to be seen on the float.

J. W. Shoenfelt, the tinner, had a float on which was a modern house heating system.

T. W. Gearhart had a pretty float representing "Mapledale," a suburb. A cottage with trees surrounding was to be seen.

The Canan-Knox Supply had a number of floats in line. Building material of various kinds were to be seen.

One of the best of all the exhibits as that of the Baker estates, Mr. Beckman, the manager, having depicted the work of the estate on two large floats. The first, drawn by four horses with red, white and blue plumes, showed an ordinary field laid out, with grass actually growing upon it and, at either end, large quantities of the products grown on the Baker farms were piled. The second float represented the Baker pony farm, it being a beautifully decorated float, boarded upon the sides and having six fine Shetland ponies riding in it, in charge of several keepers.

The Salvation Army industrial home was represented by three floats. They were in charge of the employes of the home. The first contained five men portraying the conditions of the inmates when they arrive at the industrial home. The second represented the men as they are after a few months in the home, and as they are when ready to leave. Banners were carried on each float.

The third float contained two banners which showed the statistics of the industrial home since its institution in this city. All the floats were attired in the national colors, and the men on the teams carried American flags.

The Germania Brewery had a large float trimmed in white, with "Lady Germania" the central figure, representing the trade mark of the brewery. On each corner of the float was a floral nest, four feet above the floor, each with a tiny girl representing purity. Beautiful morning glories were twined around the nests. A stand above "Germania" was trimmed with bottled beer, the product of the brewery. The curtain around the base was trimmed in white excello with pink floral letters, the word Kazmaier" standing out prominently. Four fine-horses drew the float, decked with plumes and fancy trimmings. Mr. Kazmaier rode in advance of the float. A useful souvenir, a bottle opener with the compliments of Mr. John Kazmaier inscribed, was given out.


Bicycles, Pony Carts, Fantastics, Unas-
signed Wagons and Other Vehicles

Marshaled by Charles E. Weller, who was assisted by a corps of sixteen aides came the miscellaneous display. The division was one of the most unique in the parade, and was marked by a large number of pony carts and decoratedbicycles, and ship styles were in evidence.

The division was headed by the Mountain City band. The first in line was the two-pony team of Earl Seward, which was gaily decorated. The driver sat incased in a basket of flowers, while an American flag formed an umbrella. The ponies were decorated in the national colors.

Next came the two-pony team containing Mr. and Mrs. Philip Brunner of 2306 Sixth avenue. The wagon was covered with bunting and an American parasol covered the pair. A half dozen other pretty decorated pony wagons followed. All were covered with bunting, and only the drivers were shown.

W. Gerhart's "quick delivery" was one feature of the division. The display consisted of six of the employes attired as clowns and each leading a donkey. The animals were covered with bunting. They were attached to a wagon that bore the inscription "Gerhart's Quick Delivery." A small boy drove the sextette of ponies. The wagon was a small miniature express team.

Twenty-five bicycles followed in order after the pony wagons. The first represented Pennsylvania. An airship design, showing the two wings and connected by all the necessary wires, was erected on the handle bars. A doll baby was used to represent the aviator. The wheel was in charge of Raymond Wherley. The bicycle was trimmed in national colors.

Following came Uncle Sam attired in the stars and stripes, and surrounded by long poles which were covered with bunting. Raymond Bart followed on wheel No. 6. The decorations were arch shaped and the color scheme was yellow and blue.

James Dixon rode a wheel representing a battle ship. The ship was twenty feet long and surrounded the rider. It was built of canvas, elaborately decorated. He was No. 9 in the line of parade. Flags of all nations hung from the masts. Sam Keiser also represented a ship with his wheel, and his efforts showed a large amount of work. The wheel was carefully trimmed and the decorations elaborate.

George Riggin rode a bicycle portraying the hunter scene. With a gun strapped over his shoulder he rode behind a large tree fastened to the handle bars. The two wheels were trimmed with branches. On the trees a number of stuffed squirrels were hung. A rabbit was suspended from the hunter's belt. He wore a hunting uniform of brown khaki.

David Reighart drove his pony in the division. The animal was covered with bunting and wore two large blue plumes attached to the bridle. The wagon was arched so as to cover the driver.

A mass of bicycles rode by the younger element followed in the rear. All came single file and they displayed a goodly amount of bunting of the national colors.

A platoon of twelve mounted riders on ponies followed the riders. A quartet of horsemen attired as cowboys brought up the rear guard.

Graphics (p.30-4)

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